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全国残疾预防日丨这些预防残疾基础知识你掌握了吗?

8yue25ri

shidiwugecanjiyufangri

bencixuanchuanjiaoyuhuodongdezhutiwei

jiaqiangcanjiyufang

cujinquanminjiankang

cong2017nianqi,meinian8yue25risheliwei“quanguocanjiyufangri”

canjifengxianbansuizhemeigerenxiantianhuode、manxingbingchanshen,jingshenjibing、yiwaishanghaideng

canjiyufangyugerenjiankang、jiatingxingfu、jingjishehuijiankangfazhanxixixiangguan

ercaiqushidangcuoshikeyiyouxiaoyufangduoshucanjidefashengweitigaoquanshehuicanjifengxianzonghefangkongnengliyouxiaokongzhihejianshaocanjifasheng


shenmeshicanjiyufang?

canjiyufangshizhizailejiezhicanyuanyindejichushang,jijicaiqugezhongyouxiaocuoshi、tujing,fangzhi、kongzhihuoyanchicanjidefasheng。

canjiyufangdeneirongyounaxie?

canjiyufangzhuyaobaokuoyixianeirong:

1、yijiyufang,jitongguomianyijiezhong、yufangxingzixunjizhidao、yufangxingbaojian、bimianyinfashangbingdeweixianyinsuhuoweixianyuan、shixingjiankangdeshenghuofangshi、tichanghelixingweijijingshenweisheng、anquanfanghuzhaogudengcuoshi,yufangzhicanxingshanghaihecanjidefasheng。

2、erjiyufang,jitongguocanjizaoqishaicha、dingqijiankangjiancha、kongzhiweixianyinsu、gaibianbuliangshenghuofangshi、zaoqiyiliaoganyu、zaoqikangfuzhiliaodengcuoshifangzhishanghaihouchuxiancanji。

3、sanjiyufang,jitongguokangfugongnengxunlian、jiazhijiaoxingqijifuzhuqijushiyong、kangfuzixun、zhichixingyiliaojihuli、biyaodejiaoxingtidaixingjibuchangxingshoushudengcuoshi,fangzhicanjihouchuxiancanzhang。


canjifenweinajilei?

shilicanji、tinglicanji、yanyucanji、zhilicanji、zhiticanji、jingshencanji、duozhongcanji。

womenshenbianzhuyaodezhicanyuanyinyounaxie?

womenshenbianchangjiandezhicanyuanyinyousandalei:

yichuanhefayuyinsu;

huanjinghexingweiyinsu;

shanghaiyujibingyinsu。

zheisanleiyinsujiaochazuoyong,zaochengcanji。


zenyangyufangjibingzhican?

renleisuohuanjibingtongchangfenweichuanranxingjibinghefeichuanranxingjibing。

1、changjianderongyidaozhicanjidechuanranxingjibingyou: jisuihuizhiyanjixiaoermabizheng,keyinqijirouweisuo、zhitijixing;yixingnaoyan、liuxingxingnaojisuimoyankeyingxiangnaogongneng,yinqishiyu、qiangzhixingtanhuan、zhilizhangai、jingshenshichangdeng;shayanyeshiyizhongchuanranbing,keyiyingxiangshili,zhongzhezhimang;haiyouxuduochuanranxingjibingrumafengbing、mazhen、jixingchuxuexingjiemoyandengdoukenengzhican。

yufangchuanranxingjibingdeguanjianshitigaoyiganrenqundemianyili,zhuyaocuoshiyou: duanlianshenti,jiaqiangying,yufangjiezhong,tigaorenqundemianyili,mianshouchuanranbingdeqinxi。yufangchuanranxingjibingdesangezhongyaohuanjieshi: xiaomiechuanranyuan、qieduanchuanbotujinghebaohuyiganrenqun。

2、changjianderongyidaozhicanjidefeichuanranxingjibing,rugaoxueyakedaozhipiantan,tangniaobingkezhishilicanjihejiezhi,pajinsenbingdaozhishentiyundongzhangai,haiyoulaonianxingchidaidengjibingdaozhizhilixiajiang。

yufangfeichuanranxingjibingzhican,shouxianyaoshuliaihushentideyishi,baochileguanhuodadexintai;ciwaihaiyaoyouhelikexuedejiankangyinshi,baozhengmeitianbixudedanbaizhi、weishengsu,shequdireliang、diyan、ditangyinshi;jianchimeitianshiliangdiyundong,rumanpaoyouyong、sanbudeng;jiediaoyanjiu,gaidiaoyaowuyilaidengbuliangxingwei;rushentigandaobushihuoyouzhengzhuangchuxianshi,yingjinzaodaoyiyuanzhenduan、zhiliaohekangfu;zunyizhujinxingxueya、xuetang、xuezhidengfangmiandejiance;anshihelifuyongyaowubimianbingfazhenghecanjidechuxian。


zenyangbimianjiatingyiwaishiguzhican?

zaijiatingzhongfashengyiwaishanghai,shenzhidaozhisiwangdecantongshiliyouhenduo,guanjianshirenmenchangchangshuhuleyixiejiatingzhongdebuanquanyinsu。zaijiatingzhong,youjigexuyaojiaqiangde“baoanqu”:

yangtaihechuangtai。youdehaizipashangyangtaiguanwangjiejing,quebuxingcongyangtaishangdiaoxialai;shenzhihaiyouchengnianrenzaiyangtaishangshaiyifuhuozaichuangtaishangcabolishi,youyushenzitanchutaiduoshiquzhongxin,ercongyangtaihuochuangtaibianfanluoxiaqu。yangtaihechuangtaishi“shiguduofaqu”,yejiushimeigejiatingxuyaozhongshiquyu,tebieshiyouxiaohaidejiating,qianwanbukedayi。

chufang。chufangyouhuoyuan,shifanghuode“zhongdi”,xiangmeiyou、qiyoudengyixieyiranwupindoubuyicunfangzaichufangnei,zaimeiqilushangzhufanaotangshi,bixuyourenzaichang,yifangyichudetangshuijianghuoximiehouzhishimeiqiyichu,shijianyizhangjiuhuidaozhizhongdu,yidanpengshanghuoxing,jiuhuiyinqihuozai。

malu、hubian、hebiandeng。yinweixiaohaidehaoqixindouhenqiang,xihuanzaimalu、hubian、hebiandengdiguanwangwanshua,shenzhibengtiao、danao,zheihenweixian。yaojiaqiangduizheixiedifangdeanquanfanghu,yifangzhiyiwaishigudefasheng。

chouyanzhezhouwei。meiniandouhuiyouxiangdangshuliangdejiatingyouyuchouyanbusheneryinqihuozai。yourenxihuantangzaichuangshangchouyan,henrongyihuiyinqihuozai,suoyiyaoyanjiafangfan。

jiating“daidianqu”。jiatingzhongyougezhongdianqi,jiatingzhongdemeigechengyuandouyinggaijiaqianganquanyongdiandechangshi,duoxuexianquanyongdiandejibenzhishi,bimianchudianheyinqihuozai。

zenyangbimianshaonianertongjiaotongshiguzhican?

zaochengjiaotongshigudejibenyuanyinshiren、che、lu、huanjingyuguanlidengfangmiandewenti,qizhongrenshizhuyaoyinsu,renbaokuocheliangjiashiyuan、qizixingchederenhexingrendeng,ershaonianertonggengrongyifashengjiaotongshiguzhican,shenzhizaochengsiwang。

shaonianertonghuopohaodong、fanyingkuai,danshenghuojingyanshao,quefajiaotonganquanchangshi,bulejiejidongchedeweixianxing。zaishaonianertongjiaotongshiguzhong,nianlingjiaoxiaodeertongyiturancuanchueryinfadeshigujiaoduo,nianlingshaodadeertongduoyinzaimalushangzhuizhu、qizixingchehuopanpacheliangdengerfashengjiaotongshigu。yinci,jiashiyuanyingzhangwobutongnianlingertongdetezheng,jinzaocaiqubutongdecuoshi。duinianlingjiaoxiaodeertongyaozhuyiguanchaqidongjing,yaofangzhitamenyinjianshiwanjuhuoqitadongxiturancuanshanggonglu,yeyaofangzhitamenyinbenpaoshoubuzhujiaoerchongxianggonglu;duinianlingshaodadeertong,yaofangzhiyinpanpacheliang、zaixiapochuwanhualunchehuoqizixingcheerdaozhicheliangxiangzhuang。jiazhang、youeryuanhexuexiaoyaojiaqiangyufangjiaotongshiguzhicandexuanchuanjiaoyu,xuelingqianertongbixuyouchengrendailingchengcheheguomalu。


zenyangbimiangongshangshiguzhican?

qiyezhigongzaishengchanlaodongguochengzhongfashengdegerenshanghai、jixingzhongdushijiandengchengweigongshangshigu,jinnianlaiyougaofaqushi。weilebimiangongshangshigufasheng,yaozuohaoyixiasifangmiangongzuo:

yishibimianbuanquanxingwei。rucaozuocuowu,shiyongbuanquanshebei,jiejinhuojinruweixianchangsuo,panpahuozuozaibuanquandeweizhideng。

ershibimianchuyubuanquanhuanjing。rushebeizaifeizhengchangzhuangtaiyunxing,fanghu、jingshizhuangzhiquefahuoyouquexian,shengchanchangsuohuanjingbuliang,anquantongdaoxiazhaideng。

sanshijiaqianggerenfanghu。yaotongguoxuanchuantigaoyuangongdewofanghuyishi,qiyeyaogenjuzuoyehuanjingdeweixianchengduxuanzeshihedegerenfanghuyongpindeng。

sishizhidingbingyangezunshouguizhangzhidu,congyuantoushangdujuegongshangshiguzhican。

naxiezhiyehuanjingrongyidaozhicanjifasheng?

meigegongzuorenyuandouchuzaiyidingdezhiyehuanjingzhong,youxiezhiyehuanjingjuyouyidingdeqianzaiweixian,rubucaiquyouxiaocuoshi,jiurongyidaozhiyuangongfashengcanji。

zhiyehuanjingzhicanyinsukegaikuowei7lei:

①huaxuexingyinsu,ruyouhaihuaxuewuzhiyinqizhongduhuozhiyexingzhongliu。

②shengchanxingfenchenyinqidexifeidenghuxixitongjibing。

③wulixingyinsu,rudianliyufeidianlifushe、zaoyin、zhendongdengyinqideyanbujibing、erlong、zhendongbingdeng。

④shengwuyinsu,rugongzuozhongmiqiejiechuweishengwu、jishengchonghuoxiedaibingyuanweishengwudedongwuerzhideganrandeng。

⑤lixueyinsu,rushougongzhongfucaozuohuozhonglifuhedengyinqimanxingjirou、gugejibinghuogongshang。

⑥xinlishehuiyinsu,rujingshenjinzhanghuogongzuoanpaibudangdengyinqidejibing。

⑦zhiyexingwaishangdeng。


changjiandenaxieduxingwuzhikeyizhican?

yaowu、jiujing、gezhongyouhaihuaxuewuzhi、fangshexingwuzhi、nongyaodengjunkeyizhican。

lanyonglianmeisu、kaneimeisu、qingdameisudengyaowukedaozhierlong;jiujingheguoliangzhenjingyaowukeyinqiganjue、qinggan、zhilidegaibian;“fanyingting”yaowucengzaishijieshangzaochengleyicixinshengerduanzhijixingzainanxingdeliuxing,zhicanzheduodawanrenyishang。

儿童生长发育期,中枢神经系统对铅的毒性作用非常敏感,汽车废气中含铅量高,儿童血铅水平高于600微克/升是一个危险信号;铅中毒主要表现为学习能力减弱,智商降低;一氧化碳中毒可使大脑缺氧,出现偏瘫、失语、失明、继发性癫痫等;砷中毒可导致肢端坏疽;地方性氟中毒可导致氟骨症,造成四肢关节和脊柱的疼痛、变形、僵直,患者劳动能力基本丧失,还有许多其他毒性物质达到一定量或接触时间过长也可致残。本文来源: 光明网

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